Updated: Apr 17
Here is some information that has apparently been given to hospital staff at Royal Brisbane hospital about managing risk of infection.
How to decide if you have Coronavirus rather than Common Cold - COVID-19 infection does not cause a cold nose or cough with cold, but it does create a dry and rough cough. The virus first localizes in the throat causing inflammation and a feeling of dryness. This symptom can last between 3 and 4 days. It then travels through the moisture present in the airways, goes down to the airways and installs in the lungs, causing pneumonia that lasts about 5 or 6 days.
The pneumonia it causes starts with a high fever and difficulty breathing. There are no common Colds as this is your lower airway/lungs, not nose area, but you may have a feeling of choking and difficulty breathing. This is when you should call the doctor immediately.
To test to see if you need to worry about having a pneumonia, every morning: Breathe in deeply and hold your breath for 10 seconds. If you do this without coughing, without difficulty, there is no fibrosis in the lungs, therefore NO infection. Do this daily to help detect.
Prevention: The virus hates heat and dies if it is exposed to temperatures greater than 80°F (27°C). Hot drinks such as infusions, broths or simply hot water should be consumed abundantly during the day, avoid multiple cups of coffee as this will make you jittery and make your heart race. These hot liquids kill the virus and are easy to drink. Avoid drinking ice water or drinks with ice cubes.
Ensure that your mouth and throat are always wet, never DRY. You should drink a sip of water at least every 15 minutes. WHY? Even when the virus enters water or other liquids through the mouth, it will get flushed through the oesophagus directly into the stomach where gastric acids destroy the virus. If there is not enough water, the virus can pass into the trachea and from there to the lungs, where it is very dangerous.
For those who can, sunbathe with sunblock, please. The Sun's UV rays kill the virus and the vitamin D is good for you. The Coronavirus has a large size (diameter of 400-500 nanometers) so face masks can stop it, no special face masks are needed in daily life. If an infected person sneezes near us, stay 10 feet (3.3 meters) away to allow the virus fall to the ground and prevent it from falling on you. When the virus is on hard surfaces, it survives about 12 hours, therefore when hard surfaces such as doors, appliances, railings, etc. are touched, hands should be washed thoroughly and/or disinfected with alcoholic gel The virus can live nested in clothes and tissues between 6 and 12 hours. Common detergents can kill it. Things that cannot be washed should be exposed to the Sun and the virus will die. The transmission of the virus usually occurs by direct infection, touching fabrics, tissues or materials on which the virus is present.
Washing your hands is essential. The virus survives on our hands for only about 10 minutes. In that time many things can happen, rubbing the eyes, touching the nose or lips. This allows the virus to enter your throat. Therefore, wash your hands very often and disinfect them. Gargling with disinfectant solutions (i.e. Listerine or Hydrogen Peroxide) will eliminate or reduce the quantity of virus that can enter the throat. Doing so removes the virus before it goes down to the trachea and then to the lungs. Disinfect things touched often: cellphone, keyboard, mouse, car steering wheel, door handles, etc
Good luck during these difficult times and the AIMHI staff look forward to working with you through these difficult times.